Female exams

FEMALE EXAMINATIONS

GYNAECOLOGICAL EXAMINATION

It is carried out in two stages: bimanual exploration to assess any diseases affecting the external genital organs (vulva and vagina) and internal organs (uterus, ovaries), followed by specular examination for assessment of the cervix. Upon indication, pap tests and cervical-vaginal swabs may be performed. These tests allow screening for the prevention of neoplastic lesions of the cervix and the search for infections of the lower genital tract (Candida, Common Germs, Mycoplasma, Ureaplasma, Chlamydia Tracomatis, HPV, Trichomonas, Gardnerella).

 

PELVIC ULTRASOUND

This method uses the ultrasound emitted by a probe placed on the abdomen (transabdominal ultrasound) or into the vagina (transvaginal ultrasound) through which the internal genital organs, uterus, ovaries and tubes are displayed on a monitor, which can only be viewed if pathologically dilated.

 

ULTRASOUND MONITORING OF OVULATION

The ovarian cycle, either natural or pharmacologically stimulated, is monitored with serious ultrasound scans of follicular and endometrial growth, up to the moment of ovulation. This ultrasound monitoring is often associated with hormonal monitoring of estradiol production and possibly other hormones involved in the ovulation mechanism. At our facilities it is possible to carry out the required hormonal dosages in a short time (1-2 hours).

 

HYSTEROSALPINGOGRAPHY

It is a non-invasive ultrasound scan that consists of introducing 10-20 cc of saline solution into the uterine cavity, through a small catheter, inserted vaginally. The distension of the uterine cavity produced by the liquid allows to highlight any anomalies in the uterine cavity and tubal patency.

HISTEROSCOPY

Diagnostic hysteroscopy is a minimally invasive method that allows to visualize the uterine cavity through a fiber optic instrument introduced through the cervical canal. In more than 95-97% of cases the examination can be performed out patiently.

The main indications are:

- abnormal uterine bleeding

- infertile patient study

- definition of abnormal endometrial thickening (detected on ultrasound)

- suspected ultrasound of endometrial polyps or submucosal fibroids

- repeated abortivity

- uterine malformations.

LAPAROSCOPY

It is a surgical technique that, through the introduction of an optic through a small access at navel level, allows to visualize the abdominopelvic organs thus allowing to confirm the presence of ovarian cysts, uterine fibroids, endometriosis, pelvic inflammation and adhesion phenomena, suspected by clinical evaluation and ultrasound examination. These pathological pictures can be surgically resolved by operative laparoscopy which is carried out under general anaesthesia in a 2-3 days hospitalization regime. It is also indicated for diagnostic purposes in cases of unexplained infertility.

BREAST PATHOLOGY

It is a service dedicated to the prevention and treatment of breast diseases that require regular clinical-diagnostic checks.

Breast cancer is a potentially serious disease if not diagnosed and treated promptly. Every year in Italy there are more than 37,000 new cases of breast cancer, with an incidence of one in 10 women. However, even in the presence of nodularity, an early diagnosis can offer high chances of cure.

For more information click HERE

 

FEMALE SCREENING FOR IVF TREATMENT

Preliminary laboratory testing package for IVF treatment

- Blood Type and Rh Group

- Hemogram

- TSH

- FT3

- FT4

- HbsAg, HBcAb IgG-IgM, HCV, HIV, TPHA and VDRL (90 days validity)

- Toxo-test (IgG-IgM),

- Rubeo-test(IgG-IgM)

- CMV (IgG, IgM)

- Hb electrophoresis

- Ab anti cardiolipins

- LAC

- Ab Anti Nucleus and Ab Anti Smooth Muscle

- Homocysteine

- AT III, Protein S E Protein C

- Mutation Factor II and Mutation Factor V

- Karyotype

- Preconceptional Genetic Analysis (Most Common Hereditary Diseases)

* further examinations of infectious diseases in case of specific indication (e.g. malaria, HTLV-I, etc.).

SCREENING FOR FEMALE FERTILITY PRESERVATION

Package of laboratory tests for fertility preservation treatment

- Blood type and Rh group

- Hemogram

- Blood glucose

- Azotemia, creatininemia

- Transaminase

- Protidemia

- PT, PTT, Fibrinogen

- HbsAg, HBcAb IgG-IgM, HCV, HIV, TPHA and VDRL (90 days of validity)*.

- Toxo-test (IgG-IgM),

- Rubeo-test(IgG-IgM)

- CMV (IgG, IgM)

- Genetic Screening Coagulation (Leiden Factor V, Factor II) (if required)

- AT III, Protein S and Protein C

- Vaginal swab with search for common germs and fungi (if required)

- Cervical swab with search for Mycoplasma, Ureoplasma (if required)

* further examinations of infectious diseases in case of specific indication (e.g. malaria, HTLV-I, etc.).