Dr. Alberto Vaiarelli


Alberto Vaiarelli is a Medical Doctor, gynaecologist, specialist in Infertility and Reproductive Medicine at the GENERA Center for Reproductive Medicine of Valle Giulia Clinic in Rome (Italy).





He graduated in Medicine and Surgery at the University of Messina (Italy)


Specialized in Obstetrics and Gynaecology with expertise in infertility problems at the same University. During his training he completed a Clinical Observership at Yale University (USA) and was clinical fellow at CRG (Centrum voor Reproductieve Geneeskunde) of Universitair Ziekenhuis in Brussels (Belgium).


He obtained a Ph.D. in Reproductive Endocrinology and was Postdoctor Fellow at the University of Messina (Italy).


Moreover, he obtained a Master in Reproductive Medicine at the University of Urbino (Italy).

His scientific work primarily focuses on: management of poor ovarian responders, reproductive endocrinology, efficacy and efficiency of IVF treatment. Moreover, he has gained experience in egg donation programs in Spain.




Dr Vaiarelli is reviewer of scientific journals, author and/or co-author of articles published on peer-reviewed journals, as well as abstracts presented at international meetings and book chapters. Finally, he has lectured at several scientific meetings in Italy and Europe.






61. Sandro C. Esteves, Alessandro Conforti, Sesh, Sunkara, Luigi Carbone, Silvia Picarelli, Alberto Vaiarelli, Danilo Cimadomo, Laura Rienzi, Filippo Maria Ubaldi, Fulvio Zullo, Claus Yding Andersen, Raoul Orvieto, Peter Humaidan, and Carlo Alviggi, “Improving Reporting of Clinical Studies Using the POSEIDON Criteria: POSORT Guidelines”,  Frontiers in Endocrinology – published: 19 March 2021 doi: 10.3389/fendo.2021.587051

60. Danilo Cimadomo, Alberto Vaiarelli, Cecilia Petriglia, Gemma Fabozzi, Susanna Ferrero, Mauro Schimberni, Cindy Argento, Silvia Colamaria, Maddalena Giuliani, Nicolò Ubaldi, Laura Rienzi &Filippo Maria Ubaldi, “Oocyte competence is independent of the ovulation trigger adopted: a large observational study in a setting that entails vitrified-warmed single euploid blastocyst transfer”,  Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics, Published: 

59. Alberto Vaiarelli, Danilo Cimadomo, Laura Rienzi, Filippo Maria Ubaldi, “Reply: ‘Second stimulation in the same ovarian cycle’, probably a terminology more appropriate than ‘luteal phase stimulation’ in the DuoStim protocol” , Human Reproduction, deab018, https://doi.org/10.1093/humrep/deab018 Published: 22 February 2021

58. Danilo CimadomoAntonio CapalboLisa DovereLuisa TacconiDaria SosciaAdriano GiancaniEmiliano ScepiRoberta MaggiulliAlberto VaiarelliLaura Rienzi, Filippo Maria Ubaldi, Leave the past behind: women’s reproductive history shows no association with blastocysts’ euploidy and limited association with live birth rates after euploid embryo transfers”, Human Reproduction, pp. 1-12, 2021 Feb 20; deab 014. doi: 10.1093/humrep/deab014 

57. Gemma Fabozzi, Benedetta Iussig, Danilo Cimadomo, Alberto Vaiarelli, Roberta Maggiulli, Nicolò Ubaldi, Filippo Maria Ubaldi and Laura Rienzi, “The Impact of Unbalanced Maternal Nutritional Intakes on Oocyte Mitochondrial Activity: Implications for Reproductive Function”, Antioxidants 2021, 10, 91. https://doi.org/ 10.3390/antiox10010091 – Received: 30 November 2020 Accepted: 7 January 2021 Published: 11 January 2021


56. Alberto Vaiarelli, Roberta Venturella, Danilo Cimadomo, Alessandro Conforti, Sara Pedri, Giovanna Bitonti, Benedetta Iussig, Cinzia Gentile, Erminia Alviggi, Serena Santopaolo, Fulvio Zullo, Laura Rienzia, Filippo Maria Ubaldi, “Endometriosis shows no impact on the euploid blastocyst rate per cohort of inseminated metaphase-II oocytes: A case-control study”, European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology Published: November 11, 2020 DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejogrb.2020.11.024

55. Alessandro Conforti, Silvia Picarelli, Luigi Carbone, Antonio La Marca, Roberta Venturella, Alberto Vaiarelli, Danilo Cimadomo, Fulvio Zullo, Laura Rienzi, Filippo Maria Ubaldi, Carlo Alviggi, “Perinatal and obstetric outcomes in singleton pregnancies following fresh versus cryopreserved blastocyst transfer: a meta-analysis”, RBMO Published:October 05, 2020 DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rbmo.2020.09.029

54. Alberto Vaiarelli, Danilo Cimadomo, Erminia Alviggi, Anna Sansone, Elisabetta Trabucco, Ludovica Dusi, Laura Buffo, Nicoletta Barnocchi, Fabrizio Fiorini, Silvia Colamaria, Maddalena Giuliani, Cindy Argento, Laura Rienzi, and Filippo Maria Ubaldi, “The euploid blastocysts obtained after luteal phase stimulation show the same clinical, obstetric and perinatal outcomes as follicular phase stimulation-derived ones: a multicenter study”, Human Reproduction, Vol.00, No.0, pp. 1–11, 2020 doi:10.1093/humrep/deaa203 – Submitted on April 6, 2020; resubmitted on July 13, 2020; editorial decision on July 22, 2020 – Published: 20 September 2020

53. Gemma Fabozzi, Danilo Cimadomo, Roberta Maggiulli, Alberto Vaiarelli, Filippo Maria Ubaldi, and Laura Rienzi, “Which key performance indicators are most effective in evaluating and managing an in vitro fertilization laboratory?”, Fertility and Sterility 2020 – DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fertnstert.2020.04.054

52. Alberto Vaiarelli, Carlo Bulletti, Danilo Cimadomo, Andrea Borini, Carlo Alviggi, Silvia Ajossa, Paola Anserini, Gianluca Gennarelli, Maurizio Guido, Paolo E Levi-Setti, Antonio Palagiano, Roberto Palermo, Valeria Savasi, Antonio Pellicer, Laura Rienzi, Filippo M. Ubaldi, “COVID-19 and ART, the view of the Italian Society of Fertility and Sterility and Reproductive Medicine”, RBMO Published: April 08, 2020DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rbmo.2020.04.003

51. Alberto Vaiarelli, Danilo Cimadomo, Cecilia Petriglia, Alessandro Conforti, Carlo Alviggi, Nicolò Ubaldi, Sergio Ledda, Susanna Ferrero, Laura Rienzi and Filippo Maria Ubaldi, “DuoStim – a reproducible strategy to obtain more oocytes and competent embryos in a short time-frame aimed at fertility preservation and IVF purposes. A systematic review”, UPSALA JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCESReceived 08 Nov 2019, Accepted 21 Feb 2020, Published online: 25 Apr 2020 https://doi.org/10.1080/03009734.2020.1734694

50. Alberto Vaiarelli, Carlo Bulletti, Danilo Cimadomo, Andrea Borini, Cindy Argento, Carlo Alviggi, Silvia Ajossa, Paola Anserini, Gianluca Gennarelli, Maurizio Guido, Paolo Emanuele Levi-Setti, Antonio Palagiano, Roberto Palermo, Valeria Savasi, Antonio Pellicer, Luca Gianaroli, Laura Rienzi, Filippo Maria Ubaldi, “Are there specific patients candidate for oocyte collection during COVID-19 pandemic?”, Fertility and Sterility – April 1°, 2020

49. Laura Rienzi, Danilo Cimadomo, Roberta Maggiulli, Alberto Vaiarelli, Ludovica Dusi, Laura Buffo,
Maria Giulia Amendola, Silvia Colamaria, Maddalena Giuliani, Giulietta Bruno, Marta Stoppa, and Filippo Maria Ubaldi, “Definition of a clinical strategy to enhance the e cacy e ciency and safety of egg donation cycles with imported vitrified oocytes”; Human Reproduction, pp. 1–11, 2020 doi:10.1093/humrep/deaa009; Submitted on October 5, 2019; resubmitted on January 13, 2020; editorial decision on January 17, 2020

48. Esteves S.C., Yarali H, Ubaldi F.M., Carvalho J.F,. Bento F.C., Vaiarelli A., Cimadomo D, Özbek İY, Polat M, Bozdag G, Rienzi L, Alviggi C. “Validation of ART Calculator for Predicting the Number of Metaphase II Oocytes Required for Obtaining at Least One Euploid Blastocyst for Transfer in Couples Undergoing in vitro Fertilization/Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection”, Front. Endocrinol., 24 January 2020 | https://doi.org/10.3389/fendo.2019.00917eCollection 2019. PubMed PMID:32038484; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6992582.


47. Vaiarelli A, Cimadomo D, Conforti A, Schimberni M, Giuliani M, D’Alessandro P, Colamaria S, Alviggi C, Rienzi L, Ubaldi FM. Luteal phase after conventional stimulation in the same ovarian cycle might improve the management of poor responder patients fulfilling the Bologna criteria: a case series. Fertil Steril. 2019 Dec 11.

46. Esteves SC, Alviggi C, Humaidan P, Fischer R, Andersen CY, Conforti A, Bühler K, Sunkara SK, Polyzos NP, Galliano D, Grynberg M, Yarali H, Özbek IY, Roque M, Vuong LN, Banker M, Rienzi L, Vaiarelli A, Cimadomo D, Ubaldi FM. The POSEIDON Criteria and Its Measure of Success Through the Eyes of Clinicians and Embryologists. Front Endocrinol (Lausanne). 2019 Nov 20;

45. Vaiarelli A, Cimadomo D, Argento C, Ubaldi N, Trabucco E, Drakopoulos P, Venturella R, Conforti A, Alviggi C, Rienzi L, Ubaldi FM. Double stimulation in the same ovarian cycle (DuoStim) is an intriguing strategy to improve oocyte yield and the number of competent embryos in a short timeframe. Minerva Ginecol. 2019 Mar 4. doi: 10.23736/S0026-4784.19.04390-9.

44. Cimadomo D, Soscia D, Vaiarelli A, Maggiulli R, Capalbo A, Ubaldi FM, Rienzi L. Looking past the appearance: a comprehensive description of the clinical contribution of poor-quality blastocysts to increase live birth rates during cycles with aneuploidy testing. Hum Reprod. 2019 Jun 27. pii: dez078. doi: 10.1093/humrep/dez078.

43. Cimadomo D, Carmelo R, Parrotta EI, Scalise S, Santamaria G, Alviggi E, De Angelis MT, Sarro G, Vaiarelli A, Venturella R, Rienzi L, Zullo F, Ubaldi FM, Cuda G. Similar miRNomic signatures characterize the follicular fluids collected after follicular and luteal phase stimulations in the same ovarian cycle. J Assist Reprod Genet. 2019 Nov 7. doi: 10.1007/s10815-019-01607-6

42. Conforti A, Esteves SC, Cimadomo D, Vaiarelli A, Di Rella F, Ubaldi FM, Zullo F, De Placido G, Alviggi C. Management of Women With an Unexpected Low Ovarian Response to Gonadotropin. Front Endocrinol (Lausanne). 2019 Jun 27;10:387. doi: 10.3389/fendo.2019.00387. eCollection 2019. Review.

41. Conforti A, Vaiarelli A, Cimadomo D, Bagnulo F, Peluso S, Carbone L, Di Rella F, De Placido G, Ubaldi FM, Huhtaniemi I, Alviggi C. Pharmacogenetics of FSH Action in the Female. Front Endocrinol (Lausanne). 2019 Jun 26;10:398. doi: 10.3389/fendo.2019.00398. eCollection 2019. Review.

40. Venturella R, Vaiarelli A, Cimadomo D, Pedri S, Lico D, Mazzilli R, Mocciaro R, Rienzi L, Di Carlo C, Ubaldi FM, Zullo F. State of the art and emerging drug therapies for female infertility. Gynecol Endocrinol. 2019 Apr 29:1-7. doi: 10.1080/09513590.2019.1603289.

39. Ubaldi FM, Cimadomo D, Vaiarelli A, Fabozzi G, Venturella R, Maggiulli R, Mazzilli R, Ferrero S, Palagiano A, Rienzi L. Advanced Maternal Age in IVF: Still a Challenge? The Present and the Future of Its Treatment. Front Endocrinol (Lausanne). 2019 Feb 20;10:94. doi: 10.3389/fendo.2019.00094. eCollection 2019. Review.

38. Iussig B, Maggiulli R, Fabozzi G, Bertelle S, Vaiarelli A, Cimadomo D, Ubaldi FM, Rienzi L. A brief history of oocyte cryopreservation: arguments and facts. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2019 Feb 10. doi: 10.1111/aogs.13569.

37. Drakopoulos P, Errázuriz J, Santos-Ribeiro S, Tournaye H, Vaiarelli A, Pluchino N, Blockeel C, Polyzos N. Cumulative live birth rates in IVF. Minerva Ginecol. 2019 Jun;71(3):207-210. doi: 10.23736/S0026-4784.18.04347-2. Epub 2018 Nov 27.


36. Vaiarelli A, Cimadomo D, Patrizio P ,Venturella R, Orlando G, Soscia D,, Giancani A, Capalbo A, Rienzi L, Ubaldi FM. Biochemical pregnancy loss after frozen embryo transfer seems independent of embryo developmental stage and chromosomal status. RBMOnline 2018 Sep;37(3):349-357. doi: 10.1016/j.rbmo.2018.05.019. Epub 2018 Jun 30.

35. Cimadomo D, Fabozzi G, Vaiarelli A, Ubaldi N, Ubaldi FM, Rienzi L. Impact of Maternal Age on Oocyte and Embryo Competence. Front Endocrinol (Lausanne). 2018 Jun 29;9:327. doi: 10.3389/fendo.2018.00327. eCollection 2018. Review.

34. Vaiarelli A, Cimadomo D, Trabucco E, Vallefuoco R, Buffo L, Dusi L, Fiorini F, Barnocchi N, Bulletti FM, Rienzi L, Ubaldi FM. Double stimulation in the same ovarian cycle (DuoStim) to maximize the number of oocytes retrieved from poor prognosis patients: a multicentre experience and SWOT analysis. Front. Endocrinol. | doi: 10.3389/fendo.2018.00317

33. Cimadomo D, Vaiarelli A, Colamaria S, Trabucco E, Alviggi C, Venturella R, Alviggi E, Carmelo R, Rienzi L, Ubaldi FM. Luteal phase anovulatory follicles result in the production of competent oocytes: intra-patient paired case-control study comparing follicular versus luteal phase stimulations in the same ovarian cycle. Hum Reprod. 2018 Jun 15. doi: 10.1093/humrep/dey217.

32. Venturella R, Pedri S, D’Alessandro P, Vaiarelli A, ZulloF, Di Carlo C. Multiple bilateral ovarian teratoma in a young woman presenting with acute abdomen and ovarian torsion: Lesson learned. Minerva Ginecol 2018 July-August;177(7-8):403-7.

31. Vaiarelli A, Cimadomo D, Ubaldi N, Rienzi L, Ubaldi FM. What is new in the management of poor ovarian response in IVF? Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol. 2018 Apr 16. doi: 10.1097/GCO.0000000000000452.

30. Venturella R, Vaiarelli A, Buffo L, D’alessandro P, Colamaria S, Pedri S, Di Carlo C, Alviggi E, Forte M, Faustini F, Zullo F, Rienzi L, Ubaldi FM. Progesterone for preparation of the endometrium for frozen-thawed blastocyst transfer in vitro fertilization cycles: a prospective study on patients’ opinions on a new subcutaneous formulation. Gynecol Endocrinol. 2018 Mar 16:1-6.


29. Drakopoulos P, Vuong TNL, Ho NAV, Vaiarelli A, Ho MT, Blockeel C, Camus M, Lam AT, van de Vijver A, Humaidan P, Tournaye H, Polyzos NP Corifollitropin alfa followed by highly purified HMG versus recombinant FSH in young poor ovarian responders: a multicentre randomized controlled clinical trial.Hum Reprod. 2017 Sep 23:1-9.

28. Mazzilli R, Cimadomo D, Vaiarelli A, Capalbo A, Dovere L, Alviggi E, Dusi L, Foresta C, Lombardo F, Lenzi A, Tournaye H, Alviggi C, Rienzi L, Ubaldi FM Effect of the male factor on the clinical outcome of intracytoplasmic sperm injection combined with preimplantation aneuploidy testing: observational longitudinal cohort study of 1,219 consecutive cycles. Fertil Steril. 2017 Oct 3. pii: S0015-0282(17)31881-2.

27. Capalbo A, Treff N, Cimadomo D, Tao X, Ferrero S, Vaiarelli A, Colamaria S, Maggiulli R, Orlando G, Scarica C, Scott R, Ubaldi FM, Rienzi L. Abnormally fertilized oocytes can result in healthy live births: improved genetic technologies for preimplantation genetic testing can be used to rescue viable embryos in in vitro fertilization cycles. Fertil Steril. 2017 Sep 15. pii: S0015-0282(17)31699-0.

26. Venturella R, Vaiarelli A, Lico D, Ubaldi FM, Zullo F, DI Carlo C. A modern approach to the management of patients candidate to assisted reproductive technologies.Minerva Ginecol. 2017 Sep 12. doi: 10.23736/S0026-4784.17.04138-7.

25. Chiofalo B, Laganà AS, Vaiarelli A, La Rosa VL, Rossetti D, Palmara V, Valenti G, Rapisarda AMC, Granese R, Sapia F, Triolo O, Vitale SG. Do miRNAs Play a Role in Fetal Growth Restriction? A Fresh Look to a Busy Corner.Biomed Res Int. 2017;2017:6073167. Epub 2017 Mar 29. Review.

24. Ubaldi FM, Cimadomo D, Capalbo A, Vaiarelli A, Buffo L, Trabucco E, Ferrero S, Albani E, Rienzi L, Levi Setti PE. Preimplantation genetic diagnosis for aneuploidy testing in women older than 44 years: a multicenter experience.Fertil Steril. 2017 Apr 19. pii: S0015-0282(17)30250-9.

23. Vaiarelli A, Venturella RVizziello DBulletti FUbaldi FM. Dual ovarian stimulation and random start in assisted reproductive technologies: from ovarian biology to clinical application. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol. 2017 Mar 30.


22. D’Anna R, Santamaria AGiorgianni GVaiarelli AGullo GDi Bari FBenvenga SMyo-inositol and melatonin in the menopausal transition. Gynecol Endocrinol. 2016 Dec 2:1-4.

21. Vaiarelli A, Cimadomo D, Capalbo A, Orlando G, Sapienza F, Colamaria S, Palagiano A, Bulletti C, Rienzi L, Ubaldi FM. Pre-implantation genetic testing in ART: who will benefit and what is the evidence?J Assist Reprod Genet. 2016 Aug 5. Review.

20. Van de Vijver ADrakopoulos PVan Landuyt LVaiarelli ABlockeel CSantos-Ribeiro STournaye HPolyzos NP. Vitamin D deficiency and pregnancy rates following frozen-thawed embryo transfer: a prospective cohort study. Hum Reprod.2016 May 11.

19. Lico D, Di Cello A, D’Alessandro P, Vaiarelli A, Alviggi E, Filardo AV, Gallucci A, Dominijanni A, Zullo F, Venturella R. Thin endometrium in patient undergoing Assisted Reproductive Technology: pathogenesis and treatment. Current Trends in Clinical Embryology 2016; 3 (1): 1-11.

18. Montanino Oliva MMinutolo ELippa AIaconianni PVaiarelli A. Effect of Myoinositol and Antioxidants on Sperm Quality in Men with Metabolic Syndrome. Int J Endocrinol. 2016; 2016: 1674950. Epub 2016 Sep 26.

17. Ubaldi FM, Capalbo A, Vaiarelli A, Cimadomo D, Colamaria S, Alviggi C, Trabucco E, Venturella R, Vajta G, Rienzi L. Follicular versus luteal phase ovarian stimulation during the same menstrual cycle (DuoStim) in a reduced ovarian reserve population results in a similar euploid blastocyst formation rate: new insight in ovarian reserve exploitation.Fertil Steril. 2016 Mar 25.


16. Cimadomo D, Ubaldi FM, Capalbo A, Maggiulli R, Scarica C, Romano S, Poggiana C, Zuccarello D, Giancani A, Vaiarelli A, Rienzi L. Failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA) of witnessing protocols for ensuring traceability during preimplantation genetic diagnosis and aneuploidy testing cycles. RBMonline December 2015

15. Vaiarelli A, Drakopoulos P, Blockeel C, De Vos M, van de Vijver A, Camus M, Cosyns S, Tournaye H, Polyzos NP.Limited ability of circulating anti-Müllerian hormone to predict dominant follicular recruitment in PCOS women treated with clomiphene citrate: a comparison of two different assays.Gynecol Endocrinol. 2016 Mar;32(3):227-30.

14. Ubaldi FM, Capalbo A, Colamaria S, Ferrero S, Maggiulli R, Vajta G, Sapienza F, Cimadomo D, Giuliani M, Gravotta E, Vaiarelli A, Rienzi L. Reduction of multiple pregnancies in the advanced maternal age population after implementation of an elective single embryo transfer policy coupled with enhanced embryo selection: pre- and post-intervention study.Hum Reprod. 2015 Jul; 30(7):1690-6.

13. Polyzos NP, Sakkas E, Vaiarelli A, Poppe K, Camus M, Tournaye H. Thyroid autoimmunity, hypothyroidism and ovarian reserve: a cross-sectional study of 5000 women based on age-specific AMH values.Hum Reprod. 2015 Jul;30(7):1690-6. Epub 2015 May 6.

12. Patrizio P, Vaiarelli A, Levi Setti PE, Tobler KJ, Shoham G, Leong M, Shoham Z. How to define, diagnose and treat poor responders? Responses from a worldwide survey of IVF clinics.Reprod Biomed Online. 2015 Jun;30(6):581-92. Epub 2015 Mar 16.

11. Calogero AE, Gullo G, La Vignera S, Condorelli RA, Vaiarelli A. Myoinositol improves sperm parameters and serum reproductive hormones in patients with idiopathic infertility: a prospective double-blind randomized placebo-controlled study.Andrology. 2015 May;3(3):491-5.

10. Ubaldi FM, Vaiarelli A, Rienzi L. Loop electrosurgical excision procedure: a risk for spontaneous abortion?Fertil Steril. 2015 Apr;103(4):904-5.


9. Dante G, Vaiarelli A, Facchinetti F. Vitamin and mineral needs during the oral contraceptive therapy:a systematic review. International Journal of Reproduction, Contraception, Obstetrics adn Gynecology. 2014 Mar;3(1).


8. Ubaldi F, Vaiarelli A, D’Anna R, Rienzi L. Management of poor responders in IVF: is there anything new?Biomed Res Int. 2014; Epub 2014 Jul 20. Review.

7. Palmery M, Saraceno A, Vaiarelli A, Carlomagno G. Oral contraceptives and changes in nutritional requirements.Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2013 Jul;17(13):1804-13.

6. Palmery M, Saraceno A, Vaiarelli A, Carlomagno G. Oral Contraceptives and changes in nutritional requirements. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2013 Jul;17(13):1804-13.


5. Vaiarelli A, Luk J, Patrizio P. Ectopic pregnancy after IVF in a patient with unilateral agenesis of the fallopian tube and ovary and with endometriosis: search of the literature for these associations. J Assist Reprod Genet. 2012 Sep;29(9):901-4. Review. No abstract available.

4. LeviSetti PE, Desgro M, Vaiarelli A, Patrizio P. Oocyte Cryopreservation: Who,how and what to Expect Journal of Fertilization: In Vitro – IVF-Worldwide, Reproductive Medicine, Genetics & Stem Cell Biology 2012,(2):1000-1018.


3. Galletta M, Grasso S, Vaiarelli A, Roseff SJ. Bye-bye chiro-inositol – myo-inositol: true progress in the treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome and ovulation induction.Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2011 Oct;15(10):1212-4.

2. De Vivo A, Mancuso A, Giacobbe A, Savasta LM, De Dominici R, Dugo N, Dugo C, Vaiarelli A Uterine myomas during pregnancy: a longitudinal sonographic study.Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2011 Mar;37(3):361-5.


1. Pizzo A, Borrielli I, Raffone E, Vaiarelli A, Carlo Stella N. The interference of the Flutamide on the sexual differentiation of a male fetus. Case report  Italian Journal Of Obstetrics And Gynaecology Vol Xxxi N.99 August 2009.